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According to the Constitution of 1960 the Government of Cyprus was constituted in the following manner: Executive Article 1 provided that the Republic will have a President who shall be Greek and a Vice President who shall be a Turk, elected by the Greek and Turkish communities respectively". The Constitution stipulated further that the President would appoint seven Greek Cypriot Ministers and the Vice President three Turkish Cypriot Ministers.

Legislative power will be exercised by the House of Representatives that consists of 50 Deputies, 70% (35) elected by the Greek Cypriot community and 30% (15) by the Turkish Cypriot community.

The administration of justice is carried out by the following judicial institutions: The Supreme Court, the Assize Court, the District Courts, the Military Court, the Rent Control Courts, Industrial Disputes Court and Family Courts.

The 1960 constitutional set up lasted for only three years. Following the Turkish Cypriot rebellion against the state in December 1963, the Turkish Cypriot leadership withdrew all members of the community from all the organs of the state.

The following changes have taken place since then, dictated by the law of necessity and the need for the smooth functioning of the state.

In the executive branch ministerial portfolios increased to 11 with the addition in 1965 of the Ministry of Education (and Culture). All Ministers are Greek Cypriots and are appointed by the President of the Republic. The post of Vice President remains vacant.

In the legislative branch the Turkish Cypriot deputies also withdrew from the House in 1963 and their posts remain vacant to this day. Under a special law the number of deputies in the House of Representatives has been increased to 80 (56 Greek Cypriots, 24 Turkish Cypriots).

Changes have also taken place in the judiciary where, since 1965, all judges belong to the Greek Cypriot Community.

Also see...

Ministries of Cyprus
Cyprus Problem
International Relations


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